HOW PAKISTAN WAS MADE SCAPEGOAT – MYTHS BUSTED
For 50 years India has been pushing propaganda against Pakistan on creation of Bangladesh, using their media and other propaganda tools, India has pushed false stories and information, successfully hiding their own heinous crimes – Today we are exposing major Indian lies regarding the creating of Bangladesh and how Pakistan has been made a scapegoat to cover up for their own crimes
PROPOGANDA: Pakistani forces numbering 93,000 soldiers surrendered
FACT: There was only 3 divisions in East Pakistan, numbering total of 45,000 persons (including 11000 supporting troops who do not fight i.e cooks, waiters etc).
PROPOGANDA:Pakistani Army killed more than 3 million innocent Bengalis & raped 200,000 Bengali women.
FACT: Mujib ur Rehman formed an Inquiry Committee in late January 1972 to prove the figure of 3 million but it failed. Total number was only 38,000 which was increased to 50,000. The Commission received complaints of 2,680 rape victims which was rounded off to 25,000
PROPOGANDA: Operation Searchlight was launched by Pakistani establishment against civilians of East Pakistan.
FACT: Due to Awami League violence from 1st March till the start of the Operation Searchlight on March 26, 1971 thousands of innocent people had lost their lives. Pakistan flag was being desecrated every day, and jailbreaks occurred regularly all over the province. Bridges were destroyed, factories were burnt, banks and food depots were looted.
PROPOGANDA: Pakistani Armed Forces exclusively targeted and killed the Hindus in East Pakistan.
FACT: According to Sharmila Bose, an Indian Bengali scholar & researcher, Hindus remained unhurt. They migrated to India not because of the Pakistan Army’s actions, but to secure themselves from the Mukti Bahini contrived persecution to satisfy their material greed and not communal strife.
PROPAGANDA: Pakistan Army is solely responsible for all the violence in East Pakistan.
FACT: Terror was unleashed on non-Bengalis and also Bengalis supporting Pakistan by Awami League, Mukti Baheni and the Indian soldiers disguised as local miscreants or as Pakistani soldiers. India had initiated a comprehensive plan against Pakistan.
PROPOGANDA: The Pakistani backed Kashmiri Mujahideens hijacked the Indian aircraft on 30 January 1971.
FACT: India blamed this on Pakistan and suspended all air route communication between East and West Pakistan over its airspace. It completely isolated East Pakistan, increasing air travel time from three hours to seven hours.
PROPOGANDA: The Agartala Conspiracy case was a fabrication of the West Pakistan.
FACT: Books like ‘The Agartala Doctrine: A Proactive North-East in Indian Foreign Policy’, and Indian intellectuals, military officers, and retired intelligence officers have made revelations about its Indian roots and plans.
PROPOGANDA: The Indian military intervention was a humanitarian action trying for a political solution.
FACT: As early as in 1968, R&AW created a network of para-military force in East Pakistan and in 1970 established militant wing of Awami League, and Mukhti Bahini which terroised people to support Awami League in the election of 1970
PROPOGANDA: The Indian military intervention was spontaneous and not planned.
FACT: This is India’s narrative which is completely false as admitted by Indira & Modi, & others.
PROPOGANDA: India was not supported by international powers.
FACT: Soviet Union had provided modern tanks and aircrafts to India and a treaty was signed between them in August 1971. USSR succeeded in thwarting all Pakistani efforts at the United Nations after 3rd December 1971 to cease fire.
PROPOGANDA: West Pakistan exploited Sonar Bengal (East Pakistan)
FACT: The economic disparity between East and West Pakistan was a historical legacy. East Bengal was perhaps the least developed part of British India & the British had done their best to destroy East Bengal’s industry, agriculture and its overall economy. Annual cyclones, floods, and particularly the cyclone of October 1970, which regularly caused devastation in East Pakistan was another factor for the economic disparity between West and East Pakistan.
PROPOGANDA: No development was carried out in East Pakistan
FACT: The Federal Govt. initiated major development projects in East Pakistan in parallel with West Pakistan. These included Inland Water Transport systems, Dacca Airport, River Ports, major inter-city and intra-city road projects, Chittagong Steel Mill, Karnaphuli Paper Mill, Engineering and Agriculture universities, Five Cadet Colleges, Fenchugang Fertilizer complex, Kaptai Dam, flood protection works, Chittagong Port, and many others such projects.
PROPOGANDA: West Pakistanis imposed their culture on the Bengalis
FACT: Bengali was adopted as official language in 1956. However, Urdu was not the language of any of the four regions of West Pakistan. It was lingua franca of the Muslims of Indo-Pak subcontinent and was therefore made national language of Pakistan.
MODI ADMITS INDIAN SUPPORT TO MUKHTI BAHINI
Narendra Modi while addressing Bangladesh’s 50th Independence anniversary (Mar 2020) recalled his participation in the Jana Sangh campaign backing the rebels in former East Pakistan as he accepted a ‘liberation war’ honour on behalf of former premier Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
Admitting that there had been a conspiracy to divide Pakistan, he said the establishment of Bangladesh was a desire of every Indian and that’s why India’s forces fought along with the Mukti Bahini, thus creating a new country.
He also said, “I would like to remind brothers and sisters in Bangladesh with pride, being involved in the struggle for independence of Bangladesh was one of the first movements of my life. I must have been 20-22 years old when I and my colleagues did Satyagraha for Bangladesh’s freedom.”
YURI BEZMENOV’S INTERVIEW – 1984
(USSR KGB Agent Deployed In India As Diplomatic Staff During Period Of PM Indira Gandhi)
In his interview, Yuri said the following important things that actually prove the point of view Pakistan has regarding creation of Bangladesh
- Bangladesh crisis which was described by American correspondent is Islamic grass-root revolution had nothing to do with Islam and grass root revolution.
- In Bangladesh, majority of the Awami League Party members and Mukti Army leaders were trained in KGB centers and universities in Crimea, Tashkent and Moscow.
- I had seen Indian territory being used as a jumping board to destroy East Pakistan.
- I had seen myself that thousands of so-called students travelled through Indian territory to East Pakistan and Indian govt pretended that they are unaware of the situation. However, Indian police and intelligence knew everything, along with KGB and CIA.
- One of my colleagues serving in Soviet Consulate in Kolkata, went to restricted area in basement where he found big boxes with printed papers of Dhaka University, when he opened them he discovered weapons, guns and ammunitions.
- During brief to CIA I explained them that any moment East Pakistan is going to explode. When I saw the preparation for the invasion into East Pakistan, obviously I wanted to leave the area immediately.
If you try and look for the truth, you can find some prominent evidences cutting through Indian Propaganda
“There is no doubt that RAW played a vital role during our liberation war, but their motive was to divide Pakistan at any cost to weaken their arch rival [Pakistan]. Their hidden objective is to establish undivided India, which they call ‘ Akhand Bharat Mata.” Major General (retd) Z A. Khan, former Director, DGFI of Bangladesh
“Regular Indian soldiers disguised as the Mukti Bahini have been fighting tire Pakistani Army in East Pakistan from April till December 1 97 1 when after losing 5,000 men in covert operations, Indira ordered open war.” Former Indian Prime Minister Moraiji Desai confessing to Oriana Fallac, 1984
“Indian soil was made available for training camps, hospitals and supply depots for entire Mukti Bahini and entire Bengali resistance movement. . . India was in feet waging a proxy war against Pakistan.” Archer Blood, American Consul-General to Dhaka, The Cruel Birth of Bangladesh – Memoirs of an American Diplomat https://dnd.com.pk/india-deceit-and-propaganda-1971-war-and-afterwards/259963
Dr Junaid had warned that the Indian pattern of working in Balochistan was similar to what it did in East Pakistan. Former chief of naval staff admiral (retd) Shahid Karimullah
Indra Gandhi proved wrong when she commented on the creation of Bangladesh that the two-nation theory drowned in the Bay of Bengal because Bangladesh became a separate Islamic country instead of merging into India. Former Ambassador Shahid Amin
“Having received training, political commandos found it embarrassing to identify themselves as products of Indian authorities. So, they gave themselves the name of Bangladesh Liberation Force.” Mukti Bahini Sector Commander, Quazi Nooruzzaman
Brig Dapinder Singh Staff Officer to Gen Manekshaw in his book “Soldiering with Dignity” wrote; “we prepared Mukti Bahini. Some of them were clad in Pak Army uniform and tasked to loot and rape in East Pakistan.”
Dr Abdul Mu’min Chowdhury, a Bengali Journalist in his book “Behind the Myth of Three Million” rejected the allegations by giving valid attestations and evidences, the credibility of which can hardly be questioned.
FROM THE BOOK OF SARMILA BOSE:DEAD RECKONING: MEMORIES OF THE 1971 BANGLADESH WAR
Between 50,000 and 100,000 people died in 1971 – vastly away from the figure of 3 million that is sacrosanct in Bangladesh. Describing 3 million figures as a “gigantic rumour,” she says it is “not based on any accounting or survey on the ground.”
In the ethnic violence unleashed in the name of Bengali nationalism, non-Bengali men, women, and children were slaughtered.
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman let the genie of nationalism out of the bottle but could not control it, and insists that the conflict was a civil war within East Pakistan.
The killings by Bengalis of non-Bengali minorities, of Bengalis who stuck with the idea of a united Pakistan, and even of some Hindu Bengalis – all of whose deaths were attributed at the time to the Pakistani army – needs to be reckoned in any fair balance.
Indian Lt Gen J.F.R. Jacob in his book ‘Surrender at Dacca: Birth of a Nation has also explained how India moved behind the scenes and helped with the creation of Bangladesh, this is what he wrote:
“_On 4 December 1971, the United States moved a draft resolution calling for cease-fire and withdrawal of Indian forces, which was vetoed by Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Thereafter, another six resolutions including one by China were introduced calling for cease-fire and withdrawal of forces, some of which were accepted by Pakistan. However, due to behind the scene political machinations by India and her allies their passage and implementation was stalled till Dhaka fell on 16 December 1971 and the cease-fire had been perfidiously converted to surrender. “I took a careful look at the documents and was aghast to see the heading – which read Instrument of ‘Surrender’……_”.
DETAILS OF TRAINING CAMPS OF MUKTI BAHINI
Dr. Junaid Ahmed author of book Creation of Bangladesh: Myths Exploded has further dissected the myths associated with East Pakistan’s debacle and here are some important points from his book:
One of the major myths going around in media for over 50 years now is that Pakistani armed forces killed more than 3 million innocent Bengalis and raped two hundred thousand Bengali women, Dr. Junaid Ahmed busts the myth in his book as under:
The origin of the 3 million myth can be traced back to December 1971 when ‘Pravda’ the Soviet newspaper in its editorial of 23rd December 1971 entitled ‘Enemy Occupation’ reported that deaths in the war of 1971 were about 3 million.
Sirajur Rahman, Head of BBC Bangla reported on 10th January that upon arrival of Sheikh Mujib in Dhaka after release from Pakistan, PM Tajuddin told Sheikh Mujib on asking that may be 3 lacs people died in 1971.
This figure of 3 million gained legitimacy after it was endorsed by Mujib in his interview with David Frost of BBC on 18th January 1972.
Mujib formed an Inquiry Committee in late January 1972 comprising of reps from the armed forces, Police, BSF Rangers & Civil Administration to prove the figure of 3 million but it failed. Infact, the total number found by them was only 38,000 which was increased to 50,000. The Commission received complaints of 2,680 rape victims which was rounded off to 25,000.
Indian Army Chief, General Manekshaw, on1971 war: “that the figure of 3 million killed in 1971 and 200,000 women alleged to have been violated seem fictitious, baseless and far removed from the truth”
Further references to prove the point are as below:
- Syyid A Karim, Bangladesh’s first foreign secretary expressed, “the figure of 3 million mentioned by Mujib to David Frost in January 1972, was a gross overstatement”
- The Peace Research Institute in Norway along with Uppsala University of Sweden in 1972.
- Bengali intellectuals like Chowdhury Abdul Mumin in 1972 and many others.
- William Drummond in the LA Times of 11 June 1972.
- Swedish journalist Ingvar Oja reported on March 1, 1973.
- Peter Gill in Daily Telegraph, London of April 16, 1973.
- Sarmila Bose, a noted Indian writer, and Research Associate at Oxford University. In her book ‘Dead Reckoning’.
It is often propagated that Operation Searchlight was the real cause behind the dismemberment of Pakistan, thus the culprits were the armed Pakistani soldiers who terrorized, killed, and raped innocent Bengalis, the facts however are different.
Yahya Khan postponed the National Assembly session in early March 1971. With this announcement Mujib ordered the Awami Leaguers to take to the roads armed with ‘daos’ (meat-cleavers), sickles and sticks. The Awami Leaguers fully armed, were waiting for the announcement and started vandalism, arson, loot, and killings as an immediate aftermath of the announcement.
From 1st March till the start of the Operation Searchlight on March 26, 1971 thousands of innocent people lost their lives, Pakistan flag was desecrated every day, and jailbreaks occurred regularly all over the province. Bridges were destroyed, factories were burnt, banks and food depots were looted.
During these 25 days, the Bangladeshi flag was raised, firing practices ensued within Dhaka University, barricades were erected throughout Dhaka city, checkpoints of Awami Leaguers were erected near the airport to search people, and looting on Mujib’s directive that ‘No money should leave East-Pakistan’.
It was blamed that the Pakistani Armed Forces specifically targeted and killed Hindus of East Pakistan as it was ordered to flush out the large Hindu population from the Eastern province.
In reality the Pakistan Army was only concerned about the AL terrorists & Mukti & other Bahinis.
According to Sarmila Bose (Book: Dead Reckoning), an Indian Bengali scholar & researcher in 1971 Hindus remained unhurt by the Pakistani Army, migrating to India not because of the Pakistan Army’s actions, but to secure themselves from the Mukti Bahini contrived persecution to satisfy their material greed and not communal strife.
It was blamed that Pakistan Army is solely responsible for all violence. All violence – rapes, arson, loots, and the massacres – were blamed on the Pakistan Army.
A close examination of the facts reveals that the main perpetrators of these heinous crimes (committed from 1st March to 25th March and from 26th March to 16th December 1971 and even later) were the Awami Leaguers, the Mukti Bahinis and Indian Army personnel.
Thousands of horrifying cases of loot, arsons, rapes, murders and massacres were reported before 25th March.
There are petrifying accounts of whole colonies burnt to ashes with inmates locked inside and burnt alive.
Terror was unleashed on non-Bengalis and also Bengalis supporting Pakistan by AL, Mukti Baheni and the Indian soldiers disguised as local miscreants or as Pakistani soldiers.
India started militarily dismembering Pakistan in January 1971 by starting propaganda of hijacking their aircraft by Kashmiri Mujahideen.
It was correctly believed that Pakistan had been helping Kashmir in its
struggle against the Indian occupation after independence. Indian propaganda made the World accept that Pakistani backed Kashmiri Mujahedeen hijacked the Indian Fokker aircraft on 30th January 1971, whereas they were Indian agents who worked in BSF.
The hijackers were granted political asylum by Pakisstan only to ensure the safety of the passengers. The situation was under control, the aircraft crew and the passengers were safely evacuated and hijackers had agreed to leave the Indian aircraft. However, the Indian hijackers Ashraf & Hashim Qureshi blew up the aircraft.
India blamed this on Pakistan and suspended all air route communication between East and West Pakistan over its airspace. In reality this was an Indian and Awami League conspiracy against united Pakistan. This was an extremely successful maneuver as it completely isolated East Pakistan from West Pakistan, increasing air travel time from three hours to seven hours.
THE AGARTALA CONSPIRACY CASE WAS A CONSTRUCT
OF THE WEST PAKISTANIS
The Agartala conspiracy had remained mysteriously a Pakistani construct until books like ‘The Agartala Doctrine: A Proactive North-East in Indian Foreign Policy’, and Indian intellectuals, military officers, and retired intelligence officers made revelations about its Indian roots and plans, which had to be delayed because of the Indo-China war of 1962.
The Agartala plot was first delayed due to the Indo-China war in 1962 and later due to the Indo-Pakistan war of 1965. By 1967, Pakistani government became cognizant of this conspiracy resulting in the filing of the Agartala Conspiracy Case against thirty-five persons including Mujib, on 12th July 1967.
It was, however, withdrawn in 1969 amidst immense political pressures created by Mr. Bhutto and his fellow politicians.
Another fact to be kept in mind is the establishment of the Research & Analysis Wing (R&AW) by India in 1968 to further Indian hegemony with the single objective of breaking up Pakistan.
The Special Frontier Force of India and Mukti Bahini experienced simultaneous births providing more proof about the Agartala conspiracy.
Throughout the nine-month crisis, India tried to persuade the world powers that it was trying for a political solution. Indian intervention, in reality, was not humanitarian rather it was a vicious, planned attack on Pakistan’s sovereignty.
These plans were made with the participation of the AL leadership in partnership with Indian intelligence as the Agartala Conspiracy. As early as in 1968, R&AW created a network of para-military force in East Pakistan and in 1970 established militant wing of Awami League, and Mukhti Bahini which terrorized people to support Awami League in the election of 1970.
R&AW supplied arms and ammunition to AL terrorists to create chaos in East Pakistan.
More than 18 Training Camps were set up in India to train Mukhti Bahini for guerilla activity.
Trained Mukhti Bahini guerillas along with 50,000 Indian Soldiers in Pakistani uniforms were unleashed in East Pakistan to create reign of terror.
It was propagated that the Indian military intervention was spontaneous and that it was Pakistan’s pre-emptive strikes that forced India into war against Pakistan.
India claimed that it only interfered when Pakistan’s civil war reached its soil in the shape of the crossing of its borders by a hundred thousand refugees from East Pakistan and attacks on its airfields, leaving India no choice but to protect itself.
The Pakistani forces were outgunned and outmanned; a single Corps of Pakistani troops was pitted against three plus two Corps of Indian troops who were additionally supported by the 150,000 plus Mukti Bahinis, thus making Pakistani forces virtual sitting ducks.
The Indian Army Chief, Sam Manekshaw, said in an interview that, ‘I got the money in 1970, went to Soviet Union and bought the tanks’, which in itself is a not-so- spontaneous act.
It is another myth that Soviet Union had only provided diplomatic support to India, and there was no militaristic involvement of Soviet Union. On the contrary, Soviet Union had provided modern tanks and aircrafts to India and a treaty was signed between them in August 1971.
This treaty was made to threaten Pakistan, an ally of USA, and USSR succeeded in thwarting all Pakistani efforts at the United Nations after 3rd December 1971 to cease fire.
America and China, two out of the five permanent members of the Security Council, were overruled by the Soviet vetoes in their attempts to help Pakistan through their ceasefire resolutions.
When Indian forces with Soviet tanks and aircrafts were bombing and occupying territories in East Pakistan, Pakistan’s international diplomatic support was vetoed by the Soviets.
The economic disparity had always remained the most effective propaganda tool for the so-called nationalists of the Awami League.
The Bengalis were convinced to believe that Bengal was a ‘Golden Bird’ where streams of honey and milk had flowed. The believers and the brainwashed Bengalis remained unaware of the fact that the economic disparity between East and West Pakistan was a historical legacy.
East Bengal was perhaps the least developed part of British India & the British had done their best to destroy East Bengal’s industry, agriculture and its overall economy.
Moreover, annual cyclones, floods, and particularly the cyclone of October 1970, which regularly caused devastation in East Pakistan which is another factor for the economic disparity between West and East Pakistan.
It was widely propagated that there was no attempt to address the plight of the unemployed Bengalis confronted with higher food prices, lesser income, and no development projects.
The Federal Govt. initiated major development projects in East Pakistan in parallel with West Pakistan. These included Inland Water Transport systems, Dacca Airport, River Ports, major inter-city and intra-city road projects, Chittagong Steel Mill, Karnaphuli Paper Mill, Engineering and Agriculture universities, Five Cadet Colleges, Fenchugang Fertilizer complex, Kaptai Dam, flood protection works, Chittagong Port, and many others such projects.
At time of partition, only Raw Jute was exported from East Pakistan. All jute mills were in West Bengal.
Unemployed Bengalis were employed in large, capital and labour intensive more than over 2500 industrial units including, 50 Jute mills, Sugar mills, Steel Rerolling mills, textile, Garment, Light Engineering units, etc. set-up by West Pakistani industrialists.
The price situation in East Pakistan had always remained adverse as the Hindu Marwaris greedily hoarded goods for greater profit and the politically- motivated attempts of the ‘Akhand Bharat’ supporters.
Implementation of Urdu as a national language of Pakistan in 1948 had been one of the major grievances of the Bengalis. It must, however, be understood that Urdu was not the language of any of the four regions of West Pakistan also.
Urdu had been the lingua franca of the Muslims of India, and Pakistan had been created as a homeland for Muslims, therefore, it was quite befitting that Urdu would be the national language of Pakistan. The adoption of Bengali also as a national language of Pakistan could have been done much earlier than 1956 to resolve the language issue.